Our oceans need an immediate and substantial reduction of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. If that doesn't happen, we could see far-reaching and largely irreversible impacts on marine ecosystems, which would especially be felt in developing countries.
A recently released report on the health of coral reefs in the Caribbean over the past 40 years by the Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network (GCRMN) looks at long-term changes in coral and fish populations across the region, and at the various environmental stressors that have impacted them.
Former Princeton Environmental Institute (PEI) intern, Beth McKenna's senior thesis examines the delicate environmental balance of coral reefs.
Research shows that reefs are able to counteract the trend toward acidity through their own biochemistry, but at a cost.